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These are all valid questions. The beis din (rabbinical court) when evaluating each candidate, wants to know as much as they can that you will adhere to the high standards of what it means to be a Jew. This may fluster the perspective convert because if they are doing everything they need to be a proper Jew, why is it that wayward Jews, who barely keep any mitzvos do not have to go through such an excruciating process.
On the one hand, we have to remember that the Jewish people were the only nation to accept the Torah when all the other nations rejected it. This is not a small thing and cannot be underestimated. When the Jewish people said “Naaseh v’Nishma” (we will do and we will hear) they forged a special relationship with G-d by doing so. The other nations all wanted to know what was written in the Torah before they were ready to accept it! Is this not the ultimate chutzpah?
After all, the Master of the World, the same One that created and sustains it, gave each nation a golden opportunity to accept the Torah and they rejected Him! Now that the Jewish people accepted the challenge and chose G-d and He chose them, they developed a special connection even if in the future that some will throw off their own personal covenant with G-d.
They always have the ability to return to Him and will be punished accordingly but they still have that special covenant that G-d will never break. People who are not Jewish if they want to have this type of connection then have to go through the conversion process if they want to be part of the Jewish people.
That being said, there are certain standards that they will have to follow to finish the conversion. One major obstacle they may face is that they have to move into a Jewish community. This means that there has to be more than one orthodox synagogue in the community. The reason is because if G-d forbid that synagogue goes out of business, how will they be able to live a Jewish life if there is no communal infrastructure set up!
How could the beis din do such a thing? Don’t they realize how difficult it is to move? What if a person can’t move because of their job? That in fact is tragic and cannot be underestimated. At the same time, the potential convert has to be aware that they must be part of the community so that they can finish the conversion.
For many people this may be an impossibility, nonetheless to be considered a worthy candidate by the beis din, this must happen or otherwise the conversion will not be able to be finished. This is something that must be thought through when considering the conversion process.
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